What is TCM
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has made great contribution to the health of Chinese people, and it became an independent medical system in world medical field with its special clinical effect, rational theory system and rich practice experience. Chinese government has put great importance to traditional Chinese medicine, formulating a series of guiding principles and policies to support and promote TCM development. TCM is now on its way to become a widely accepted healing approach worldwide.
Traditional Chinese medicine involves the use of therapies include herbs, acupuncture, acupressure, cupping therapy, moxibustion, diet and exercise such as tai chi.Acupressure
History of Traditional Chinese Medicine
TCM has been around for thousands of years. Although the first recorded history of TCM dates back over two thousand years, it is believed that the origins of TCM go back more than five thousand years. According to the legends of China, there are three legendary emperors who played a significant role in history of traditional Chinese medicine.
First, Fu Xi (around 3000 BC) was a leader who discovered the flow between heaven and earth which he embodied in the principles of yin and yang. Yin and yang theory is the concept of two opposing but complementary forces that shape the world and all life. He also created nine needles used for acupuncture points. He is considered as the father of acupuncture and moxibustion. Second, Shen Nong (around 3000 BC) is considered as the founder of Chinese herbal medicine. In order to determine the nature of different herbs, Shen Nong sampled various kinds of plants, test and analyze their individual effects. Third, Huang Di (around 475-221 BC) is associated with Huang Di Nei Jing, also known as the Inner Canon of the Yellow Emperor which is the earliest and most important written documentation of traditional Chinese medicine. It lays a primary foundation for the theories of Chinese medicine which extensively summarizes and systematizes the previous experience of treatment and theories of medicine.